Downcast Eyes: The Denigration of Vision in Twentieth-Century French Thought

By Martin Jay

Long thought of "the noblest of the senses," imaginative and prescient has more and more come lower than serious scrutiny by way of quite a lot of thinkers who query its dominance in Western tradition. those critics of imaginative and prescient, specifically well-known in twentieth-century France, have challenged its allegedly enhanced means to supply entry to the realm. they've got additionally criticized its intended complicity with political and social oppression throughout the promulgation of spectacle and surveillance.

Martin Jay turns to this discourse surrounding imaginative and prescient and explores its frequently contradictory implications within the paintings of such influential figures as Jean-Paul Sartre, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Michel Foucault, Jacques Lacan, Louis Althusser, man Debord, Luce Irigaray, Emmanuel Levinas, and Jacques Derrida. Jay starts with a dialogue of the speculation of imaginative and prescient from Plato to Descartes, then considers its function within the French Enlightenment sooner than turning to its prestige within the tradition of modernity. From attention of French Impressionism to research of Georges Bataille and the Surrealists, Roland Barthes's writings on images, and the movie thought of Christian Metz, Jay presents lucid and fair-minded debts of thinkers and ideas widely recognized for his or her difficulty.

His booklet examines the myriad hyperlinks among the interrogation of imaginative and prescient and the pervasive antihumanist, antimodernist, and counter-enlightenment tenor of a lot fresh French notion. Refusing, besides the fact that, to protect the dominant visible order, he calls as an alternative for a plurality of "scopic regimes." absolute to generate controversy and dialogue during the humanities and social sciences, Downcast Eyes will consolidate Jay's acceptance as one among contemporary most excellent cultural and highbrow historians.

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The Puzzle of Existence: Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? (Routledge Studies in Metaphysics)

By Tyron Goldschmidt

This groundbreaking quantity investigates the main basic query of all: Why is there whatever instead of not anything? The query is explored from assorted and radical views: non secular, naturalistic, platonistic and skeptical. Does technological know-how solution the query? Or does theology? Does every little thing want a proof? Or can there be brute, inexplicable proof? may well there were not anything whatever? Or is there any being which may no longer have did not exist? Is the query significant in spite of everything? the quantity advances state-of-the-art debates in metaphysics, philosophy of cosmology and philosophy of faith, and should intrigue and problem readers drawn to any of those subjects.

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The Oxford Handbook of Free Will (Oxford Handbooks)

By Robert Kane

This moment version of the Oxford guide of unfastened Will is meant to be a sourcebook and advisor to present paintings on unfastened will and similar matters. Its concentration is on writings of the earlier 40 years, during which there was a resurgence of curiosity in conventional matters in regards to the freedom of the need within the gentle of recent advancements within the sciences, philosophy and humanistic stories. specific cognizance is given to investigate on unfastened will of the 1st decade of the twenty-first century because the ebook of the 1st version of the instruction manual. all of the essays were newly written or rewritten for this quantity. furthermore, there are new essayists and essays surveying issues that experience develop into sought after in debates approximately unfastened will some time past decade, together with new paintings at the relation of loose will to physics, the neurosciences, cognitive technological know-how, psychology and empirical philosophy, new models of conventional perspectives (compatibilist, incompatibilist, libertarian, etc.) and new perspectives (e.g., revisionism) that experience emerged. The twenty-eight essays by way of widespread overseas students and more youthful students disguise a number of loose will comparable matters, reminiscent of ethical organisation and accountability, responsibility and blameworthiness in ethics, autonomy, coercion and keep an eye on in social thought, felony legal responsibility, accountability and punishment in felony thought, matters concerning the relation of brain to physique, realization and the character of motion in philosophy of brain and the cognitive and neurosciences, questions about divine foreknowledge, windfall and human freedom in philosophy of faith, and common metaphysical questions about necessity and risk, determinism, time and probability, quantum truth, causation and explanation.

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Être, essence et substance chez Platon et Aristote : Cours professé à l'université de Strasbourg en 1953-1954

By Paul Ricœur

Le livre est un « grand cours » de Sorbonne, toujours très demandé, même s’il est destiné aux vrais futurs professionnels ou aux vrais amateurs de philosophie. Pour qui veut relire Platon et Aristote, dans leurs liens et leurs contradictions, c’est un ouvrage essentiel. Professé d’abord et polycopié à Strasbourg dès 1953 puis devenu « Cours de Sorbonne » polycopié en 1957, ce cours est une exégèse très fouillée des trois termes du titre : « être », « essence » et « substance », les techniques fondamentaux de los angeles métaphysique occidentale. Ils représentent, comme tels, un progrès considérable de l. a. raison conceptuelle par rapport aux Présocratiques, qui parlaient encore des « éléments ». Par l. a. suite, ils eurent une significance exceptionnelle dans l’histoire de los angeles philosophie, bien au-delà de los angeles scolastique médiévale et de los angeles métaphysique classique, puisqu’au XXe siècle Heidegger et d’autres se mesurent encore et toujours à eux. remark Platon puis Aristote les pensent-il ? Quel sens leur donnent-ils exactement ? Outre l’intérêt intrinsèque du commentaire, très fouillé et très appuyé sur les textes, on word les connexions et les inversions que Ricoeur établit au sein des deux philosophies et entre elles. Il met en effet en lumière, grâce aux travaux sur los angeles succession historique des deux oeuvres, des évolutions surprenantes : un moment Platon a critiqué un most advantageous Platon (celui des Idées), et un moment Aristote a critiqué Platon en le simplifiant et même en le caricaturant.

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The Gift of Death, Second Edition & Literature in Secret (Religion and Postmodernism)

By Jacques Derrida, David Wills

The present of Death, Jacques Derrida’s so much sustained attention of faith, explores questions first brought in his ebook Given Time in regards to the limits of the rational and accountable that one reaches in granting or accepting loss of life, no matter if through sacrifice, homicide, execution, or suicide. Derrida analyzes Czech thinker Jan Patocka’s Heretical Essays within the Philosophy of background and develops and compares his rules to the works of Heidegger, Lévinas, and Kierkegaard. one among Derrida’s significant works, The reward of Death resonates with a lot of his previous writing, and this hugely expected moment version is vastly superior by means of David Wills’s up-to-date translation.
 
This new version additionally positive factors the first-ever English translation of Derrida’s Literature in Secret. In it, Derrida maintains his dialogue of the sacrifice of Isaac, which results in bracing meditations on secrecy, forgiveness, literature, and democracy. He additionally deals a studying of Kafka’s Letter to His Father and makes use of the tale of the flood in Genesis as an embarkation point for a attention of divine sovereignty.
 
“An very important contribution to the severe examine of ethics that commends itself to philosophers, social scientists, students of faith . . . [and these] made curious through the debate that so usually attends Derrida.”—Booklist, at the first edition

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Interrupting Derrida (Warwick Studies in European Philosophy)

By Geoffrey Bennington

One of the main major modern thinkers in continental philosophy, Jacques Derrida’s paintings keeps to draw heated observation between philosophers, literary critics, social and cultural theorists, architects and artists. This significant new paintings through international popular Derrida student and translator, Geoffrey Bennington, provides incisive new readings of either Derrida and interpretations of his work.

Part one units out Derrida’s paintings as an entire and examines its relevance to, and ‘interruption’ of, the normal domain names of ethics, politics and literature. the second one a part of the booklet offers compelling insights into a few very important motifs in Derrida’s paintings, akin to demise, friendship, psychoanalysis, time and endings. the ultimate part introduces trenchant value determinations of different influential debts of Derrida’s paintings.

This influential and unique contribution to the literature on Derrida is marked by means of a dedication to readability and accuracy, but in addition by means of a refusal to simplify Derrida’s usually tough thought.

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Sixth Cartesian Meditation: The Idea of a Transcendental Theory of Method (Studies in Continental Thought)

By Eugen Fink, Edmund Husserl

"Ronald Bruzina’s fabulous translation... makes to be had in English a textual content of singular ancient and systematic value for phenomenology." ―Husserl Studies

"... a pivotal rfile within the improvement of phenomenology... crucial interpreting for college kids of phenomenology twentieth-century thought." ―Word Trade

"... a useful addition to the corpus of Husserl scholarship. greater than easily a scholarly treatise, although, it's the results of Fink’s collaboration with Husserl over the last ten years of Husserl’s life.... This really crucial paintings in phenomenology should still discover a favourite position along Husserl’s personal works. For readers drawn to phenomenology―and in Husserl in particular―it can't be instructed hugely enough." ―Choice

"... a radical critique of Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology... increases many new questions.... a classic." ―J. N. Mohanty

A foundational textual content in Husserlian phenomenology, written in 1932 and now on hand in English for the 1st time.

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Animal Rights and Moral Philosophy

By Julian H. Franklin

Animals evidently can't have a correct of loose speech or a correct to vote simply because they lack the appropriate capacities. yet their correct to existence and to be freed from exploitation is not any much less primary than the corresponding correct of people, writes Julian H. Franklin. This theoretically rigorous publication will reassure the devoted, aid the doubtful to determine, and arm the polemicist.

Franklin examines all of the significant arguments for animal rights proposed thus far and extends the philosophy in new instructions. Animal Rights and ethical Philosophy starts off through contemplating the utilitarian argument of equivalent appreciate for animals recommended through Peter Singer and, much more favorably, the rights technique that has been complicated by way of Tom Regan. regardless of their benefits, either are stumbled on short of as theoretical foundations for animal rights. Franklin additionally examines the ecofeminist argument for an ethics of care and a number of other rationalist arguments sooner than concluding that Kant's specific relevant may be increased to shape a foundation for a moral method that incorporates all sentient beings. Franklin additionally discusses compassion as utilized to animals, encompassing Albert Schweitzer's ethics of reverence for all times. He concludes his research via contemplating conflicts of rights among animals and humans.

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To Have or To Be? (Bloomsbury Revelations)

By Erich Fromm

To Have Or to Be? is among the seminal books of the second one 1/2 the twentieth century. not anything under a manifesto for a brand new social and mental revolution to save lots of our threatened planet, this ebook is a precis of the penetrating considered Eric Fromm. His thesis is that modes of life fight for the spirit of humankind: the having mode, which concentrates on fabric possessions, strength, and aggression, and is the foundation of the common evils of greed, envy, and violence; and the being mode, that's according to love, the excitement of sharing, and in efficient task. To Have Or to Be? is a superb software for socioeconomic change.

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Cut of the Real: Subjectivity in Poststructuralist Philosophy (Insurrections: Critical Studies in Religion, Politics, and Culture)

By Katerina Kolozova

Following François Laruelle's nonstandard philosophy and the paintings of Judith Butler, Drucilla Cornell, Luce Irigaray, and Rosi Braidotti, Katerina Kolozova reclaims the relevance of different types normally rendered "unthinkable" by means of postmodern feminist philosophies, reminiscent of "the real," "the one," "the limit," and "finality," hence significantly repositioning poststructuralist feminist philosophy and gender/queer studies.

Poststructuralist (feminist) idea sees the topic as a merely linguistic type, as always already a number of, as always already nonfixed and fluctuating, as unlimited discursivity, and as constitutively indifferent from the example of the genuine. This reconceptualization is predicated at the exclusion of and dichotomous competition to notions of the true, the single (unity and continuity), and the good. The non-philosophical interpreting of postructuralist philosophy engenders new types of universalisms for worldwide debate and motion, expressed in a language the area can comprehend. It additionally liberates idea from ideological paralysis, recasting the true as an instantly skilled human made up our minds by way of gender, race, and social and financial circumstance.

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